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“Everything You Need to Know About UK Law and Electric Bikes: A Comprehensive Guide”

I have compiled this page to try to help people understand the UK law and government vehicle restrictions around using an electric bike on UK roads in England. A really simple definition is as follows. If you look for the law on Electric scooters page that is here, the bike law also includes electric tricycles.

Please read my article about what an ebike is if your not sure.

The government classes electric bikes as EAPCs and EAPC, which means electrically assisted power cycles. The requirements are as below. These are taken from the government website itself.

Electric bikes must have a motor output of no more than 250W and a maximum speed of 15.5mph assistance, in order to be legally used on public roads in the Uand MUST use pedal assist.

Electric bikes MUST be fitted with pedals and a motor that can be used independently of the motor.

You do not need a driving licence to ride one and it does not need to be registered, taxed or insured.

The legal definition of an electric bike in the UK is a pedal cycle with an electric motor of up to 250 watts, which is used to assist the rider. It must have pedals that are operable at all times and the motor must cut out when the rider stops pedalling or reaches a speed of 15.5mph. The electric bike must also be fitted with a speedometer and the motor must be clearly marked with its power output.

Anything over 250 watts is considered a moped in the eyes of the law and you will need tax, MOT test and insurance to be on UK roads, which in turn will mean you need a driving license like people who drive cars. 

You will also be required to wear a crash helmet for safety, not a normal cycling helmet. 

I am not sure when this legislation was created but it needs updating.

Can I use an E-bike with a throttle on the UK roads?

If you bought your bike before 2016, you can have a throttle on your E-bicycle but any older and it’s NOT legal, and your ebike will be classed as a motorcycle, as this is one shared feature, you have a few options. You can often disable the throttle in your e-bikes settings, or just chance it and hope you don’t get pulled over by the police, which is rare but does happen.

What are the age limits for using electric bicycles?

In the United Kingdom, the legal age for cyclists using an electric bike is 14 years old or older. However, riders under the age of 16 must be accompanied by an adult and must wear a helmet.

No, they are not legal, these bikes are often called pedelecs. They are classed as mopeds or electric motorcycles, so they come under the same rules and regulations as motorists. You need tax, insurance and an MOT certificate. It is a massive grey area in the law and lots of people own and use these bikes on UK roads. You would also not be allowed to use cycle paths or cycle lanes.

500 watts, 750 watts and 1000 watts or over are classed as mopeds or motorbikes, so they will be treated as such if you are stopped by police.

It is not illegal to buy or sell these bikes, they are just not legal to use on our roads, it is a massive grey area.

This is actually an interesting question. The maximum speed an electric bike can power you to is 15.5mph. Now you can go faster, but this is what speed the electric bike motor will cut out or turn off.

However, if you do not use an electric motor, you can ride as fast as you like, you are expected to stick to the same limits as any other road user. For example, on a 30mph road you need to stick within this limit.

Which is why the 15.5mph speed limit on ebikes does not really make sense, as some users can pedal faster under human power than they can using an electric motor. Also, it does not allow you to keep up with traffic.

Why is the speed limit of electric bikes set at 15.5mph in the UK?

The answer to this is pretty interesting. The reason it’s set to this is because this is what speed a human can run at a fast pace. For example, Roger Bannister ran an average of 15mph. When he set his 3 minute mile record, this is why this speed of 15 mph was chosen, interesting, right !

I am not entirely sure how they came to 15.5mph but I know this is why it was made to 15.5 mph. It seems a little outdated now, but the story is great behind it.

Should I risk using my e-bike on UK laws if it is classed as illegal?

It honestly is not for me to say, I have used all kinds of bikes on UK roads in the past. I personally think the law is completely outdated and flawed, it needs to be updated, but if you take the risk and get caught please don’t come moaning to me about it, as you should know the risks, and if you do get caught saying you don’t know the rules wont cut it.

The real danger is if someone causes a serious accident, you will not have insurance, which would be more serious and could get you into a lot of trouble with the law.

There is often the argument that if you cause a death on your ebike you will be in trouble, but if you cause any kind of accident on or in any kind of vehicle, your in a lot of trouble anyway the fact its illegal not going to make any difference.

I saw someone riding a powerful Surron motorized bike on the pavement at about 50mph once. This person should be in jail because you endanger pedestrians’ lives riding at this speed on the pavement . I also realise this makes me a massive hypocrite, but I am a very careful rider, unlike some.

If you own an electric scooter, these are also not legal to use on the street either, and just think how many of those you see each day.

I personally took the risk but I am not telling you to do so.

What is the penalty for riding an illegal bike on the UK roads in the UK?

The police usually give you 14 days of grace. If you do not resolve the issues in this time, it could be sold or scrapped.

The rider may also be prosecuted for driving without insurance or a driver’s licence from the DVLA and an MOT certificate, the same as if you drove a car with no insurance or no MOT, which could get you up to 8 penalty points or discretionary disqualification, as well as a fine.

Can the police seize or take my bike from me?

Yes, if they suspect it is an illegal bike, they can take it from you to check it over, or if they suspect you have broken the law, it’s the police’s job to keep people safe.

How will the police know if my bike is illegal or not?

I honestly do not know the answer to this. I am guessing they will have some training on this but it would be pretty hard to tell if a bike is illegal or not. However, I myself can usually spot an illegal bike just by looking at it after a few years of experience. The police can learn this too.

The people I know who have been stopped by police have either been riding and not pedalling or going very fast for a push bike, thus ended up being stopped and told off. They were given warnings. I do not know of anyone who has had their bike taken or been prosecuted yet, but as things stand, it’s bound to happen with antisocial riding.

Are electric bikes required to be registered and insured to be on UK roads?

Unlike other motorised vehicles, you do not need to have insurance or be registered to use UK roads, so long as your bike is legal, does not have a bigger motor than 250 watts and does not go faster than 15.5 mph.

If you own a bigger bike than 250 watts that goes faster, technically, you need to have insurance to use UK roads, but since it’s impossible for them to be MOT tested, it’s very difficult to insure an ebike for legal use on the roads due to the current legislation, you would need an MOT certificate and since you cant get an MOT certificate for an ebike (as far as I’m aware) its really hard or next to impossible to insure your bike.

Now you can insure your bike against theft, whatever the size of your bike motor is, as this is for a different reason, but it would not insure you to be on the road, just insure against someone stealing your bike.

Can you ride an electric bike if you are banned from driving?

Yes you can, you do not need any kind of valid driving licence to ride an ebike, and again, this is another gap in the law.

These laws need updating for the good of everyone, so we can all learn to be safer and the country and government could actually make some money from helping people go electric, by letting people pay a small road tax fee to use these scooters and bikes.

We currently have a subculture of people riding scooters and electric bikes illegally, and if you watch any of the debates on Facebook about this issue, you are either the devil for riding an illegal bike, or a complete fairy for sticking to the law. The law is the issue here, not the people. The law has been too slow to update while this industry has ploughed ahead full steam

I, for one, don’t really have a problem with illegal bikes, but I have seen some idiots riding them and am sure if one ran into me I might change my mind about that.

Please check out more of our blog posts, and share our electric bike site with others

If you are looking for more information about electric scooter law or the delay in electric scooter adoption in the UK, read the article

Owner at Reight Good Bikes | Website | + posts

I'm the passionate mind behind this online web shop. As an avid cyclist, I have a particular fondness for electric bikes and scooters, believing they offer a unique sense of freedom and joy. Not only do I enjoy riding them, but I also take pride in reviewing and sharing my insights about these fantastic machines. Additionally, as someone who suffers from dry eyes, I'm committed to stocking products that genuinely enhance and improve people's lives. Dive into my shop, and you'll find a curated selection of e-bikes, scooters, and other life-enhancing products that I stand by.


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